jlm_taurus (jlm_taurus) wrote,

Архив Буковского: техника сканирования

Буковский несколько лет назад посетил Израиль.Я был на одной из встреч с ним.
На память у меня остался автограф на его книге.
Редактор одного английского журнала регулярно берет у него интервью.
Я послал редактору просьбу -прояснить технические детали.
Вот ответ и образец отсканированного документа в формате TIF

"If I remember correctly, I had Toshiba notebook (which died long ago and I threw it away), but to which I had to attach a special "creddle" - a device I had to fit under computer, and to which the scanner was attached in its turn. Both the comp and the creddle had separate adaptors. The scanner I still have (although I cannot use it): it is Logitech ScanMan Type B5N 1706, made in Japan.

Indeed, the hard disc of my notebook was tiny by today's standarts - only 40 MB. So, every evening after scanning the docs in archives (or in Constitutional Court of RF), I had to clear the disc by copying its content to floppies.

Now, hand-scanner is too narrow for the whole page, therefore I had to scan every page at least twice, half-page in each vertical scanning, and later to "stitch" the halves with a special program (some particularly important docs I scanned three times horizontally). Naturally, for each scan I had to make a separate file. The size of such files usually was 40 - 60 K, sometimes 100 K depending on the density of the docs. Only some docs with lots of handwriting etc. could be 300-400 K. Besides, I used to zip them with a program called "pkzip" and later in Cambridge unzipped them with the program "pkunzip". Zipping would typically reduce the file size by 50-70%. Thus, it enabled me to fit the material into about 50 floppies (plus my 40 MB of the hard disc). Just for illustration, I attach one doc with lots of handwritings on it which is only 100 K. Zipping of such file will probably reduce it by only 30%.

I worked throughout the duration of the Court hearings, practically every day for almost half a year. I started in June 1992, shortly before the hearings opened (some material was already selected in 48 volumes before I came), and I ended in December 1992. The pre-selected 48 volumes did not satisfy me and I asked permission to work in the archives of the Central Committee called then "Center Hranenia Sovremennoi Documentatsii". Permission was granted and I have got most of the docs there. A special Presidential Commission (Chaired by Poltoranin) had to declassify them on my requests. Most of my requests were satisfied.

In addition, some docs I have managed to Xerox, although that was not permitted. But, Russia being Russia, I found a way around this restriction.

I don't know what is the problem people have in authenticating the docs. Suffice it to say that ALL OF THEM were accepted by the Constitutional Court of RF as material evidence. In the duration of the hearings no one, not even the Communist Party side, had ever questioned their authenticity. Later, part of those docs was opened to researchers under the name "Fond 89". The rest were re-classified. However, quite a few people have seen them in the Constitutional Court. Apart from me, they could be verified by Mikhail Fedotov, Sergei Kovalev, Nikita Petrov and Nikita Ohotin (of the Memorial society), etc. My testimonies in the Court, based largely on these docs, were telivised at the time. What else one does need?"

Буковский написал несколько книг: "И возвращается ветер", "Письма русского путешественника","Московский процесс"

из интервью
"-Считаете ли вы, что политкорректность равносильна контролю над мыслями?
Идея политкорректности искажает абсолютно все. Имейте ввиду, контроль над высказыванием есть контроль над мыслями, как мы все хорошо знаем от Оруэлла, он направлен на разрушение ваших семей, ваших традиций, всего, что вам свойственно, он состряпан весьма тщательно и он очень вредоносен.

Прежде всего, я чувствую себя оскорбленным тем, что кто-то требует от меня говорить так, а не иначе. Какое они имеют право диктовать мне, как я должен выражать самого себя? Я чувствую себя оскорбленным, я отказываюсь подчиняться им, но люди начинаются возмущаться, и я не понимаю, почему. Я не знаю, что случилось с сегодняшним миром, но люди все больше и больше становятся конформистами. В мое время молодым людям было свойственно восставать и говорить: «Нет, идите вы к черту, вы хотите этого, а я этого не хочу. Вот так. O'кей? И закончим на этом». Сегодня, похоже, все, как в одном строю – делают то, что от них требуют. Я не понимаю, что с ними случилось."

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